Perhaps the main influences on the paths and articulation in higher education are vast economic, technological and social changes. Increased national wealth allows governments to expand higher education and establish institutions in small population centres, greatly expanding access. The increase in personal and family wealth gives people and their children the resources and above all the desire to pursue a higher education. Improved and reduced transportation and communication costs make it much easier for students to study in institutions far from home. These are some of the reasons for the significant expansion of transnational higher education over the past two decades, which has been at the origin of the partnership agreements mentioned above, as well as the many paths and articulation agreements developed between the institutions of different countries. Distance education or resource education techniques and, more recently, the significant expansion of information and communication technologies have supported many new pathways and joints. This indicates that future developments in curricula and articulation in higher education are likely to be as much influenced as by these general economic, technological and social developments, as well as by measures specifically focused on pathways and articulation in higher education. Table 7 summarizes the application of various forms of import barriers in the EU, which stem from anti-dumping investigations conducted in 1989-2011. Each registration is the percentage of total anti-dumping measures for export, in the form of listed.bj The EU has imposed almost two thirds of anti-dumping measures in the form of ad valorem duties and about 10% as specific duties; As noted above, these specific rights may also be discriminated against between trading partners and, in particular, between those who produce cheaper varieties. Suppose that before regulation, identical companies to K were responsible for pollution, with each company producing e0 emissions. With the same approach as emissions taxes, we get the following expression of the welfare effect of mitigation subsidies: voluntary environmental benefit is a tempting term.
For many reasons, some companies seem to be doing on their own what they would have done in the past only under the threat of the law.